Abstract: this article presents a theoretical analysis of literature sources devoted to modern domestic and foreign approaches to psychological support of older people. In the psychological literature, existing models of psychological support can be attributed to the following approaches: age-psychological, existential, subjective, eclectic, integrative. Unlike Western models, the main feature of which can be identified as the integration of knowledge from various sciences (such as medicine, economics, social work, psychology), domestic models can not be attributed to a single methodology. It can also be summarized that domestic models in most cases do not have sufficient empirical base to confirm their effectiveness.
It is important to note that the models of support presented in the article should be characterized as socio-psychological, as they are aimed at improving the interaction of the older generation with the surrounding society.
Taking into account all of the above, the article highlights the need to substantiate the model of psychological and pedagogical support. The main conclusion of the article is the statement about the problem existing in modern psychological science of insufficient development and methodological validity of approaches to psychological and pedagogical support of older people in modern conditions, requiring subjects to continuously replenish their own knowledge throughout life (long-life learning), which would effectively and specifically allow to meet the cognitive needs of representatives of the “third age”.
Keywords: psychological support, old and senile age, existential approach, subjective approach, eclectic approach, integrative approach