Abstract: this article is devoted to the problem of the psychological characteristics of coping strategies in individuals suffering from psychosomatic disorders. Currently, there is an increase in stress factors affecting our lives. This causes interest in coping strategies, which are understood as a set of response methods in a stressful situation, the purpose of which is to adapt the person to changing external or internal conditions. With the unsuccessful use of coping strategies, there is a likelihood of developing psychosomatic disorders. Coping strategies are understood as a set of response methods in a stressful situation, which is based on the functioning of the cognitive, emotional and behavioral spheres of the personality. The purpose of using coping strategies is to adapt the individual to changing external or internal conditions. Unsuccessful adaptation of a personality to changing environmental conditions can lead to the formation of psychosomatic disorders, which are understood as a combination of painful conditions that arise from the interaction of mental and physical factors. The unsuccessful use or use of the unproductive type of coping strategies can lead to the development of various psychosomatic disorders.
The study shows a study in which it was found that the choice of coping strategies for psychosomatic disorders is different: people with diabetes are characterized by the use of the strategy «Search for social support», and those suffering from bronchial asthma are characterized by the strategy of «Avoiding problems».
Keywords: disorders, coping strategies, stress, coping mechanisms, psychosomatics, adaptation, maladaptation, life events, areas of personality