Abstract: this article presents a clinical case of hypoplastic kidneys’ dysplasia in a 3 year-old child. It was diagnosed at age 3, the child admitted to the hospital regarding the surgical treatment of acute appendicitis. General condition at admission was assessed as severe. The health of the child suffered. The child fell behind in physical development. The survey revealed marked changes in the biochemical analysis of blood. Morphological changes in renal tissue during ultrasound examination of the kidneys. As a result of the examination gipoplastic dysplasia of the kidneys was diagnosed. Chronic renal failure III – IV. The child was transferred to Nephrology with the purpose of hemodialysis and renal biopsy, in the future we plan to have a transplant. The studies in the antenatal and postnatal period has not been made, as the child from asocial families. Necessary measure for early diagnosis of congenital malformations of the kidney in children is antenatal and postnatal ultrasound examination. These studies will allow in time to diagnose and render medical assistance to a child with congenital kidney disease in the first year of life and can improve life expectancy.
Keywords: congenital malformations, dysplasia, kidney, antenatal period, clinical case, ultrasound examination