Abstract: spinal cord injuries can be caused by various processes: progressive myelopathies of various origins, tumors, injuries, ischemia, etc. An important element in the treatment and prevention of such injuries is accurate diagnosis using modern imaging techniques. Currently, Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and their various modifications are quite common, and with their help it becomes possible to determine the type and localization of pathology in a timely and reliable manner. At the same time, injuries of the spinal cord of various etiologies have significant differences, which can also be displayed on MRI and CT images. Therefore, their actual identification, which allows them to correctly choose a prevention or treatment strategy and make certain predictions, remains a very topical issue. In this review of the literature, the main modern methods of visualization of the spinal cord were described and illustratively described the features of certain injuries that can be recorded on the resulting images, effective methods that allow the volume and layer-by-layer examination of the necessary organs and structures of the human body, making up their 3D model. As a result of data analysis, it was found that every damage to the spinal cord has its own characteristics on MRI and CT images (as a rule, as a special combination of areas of varying intensity). Their knowledge and competent detection makes it possible to diagnose successfully and identify the etiology of the corresponding damage.
Keywords: spinal cord, spinal cord injuries, MRI, imaging, myelopathy